*Be aware that the exact meaning of some Latin words can be problematic at times. Transliteration can be difficult especially when the names of colors and garments were sometimes used to describe a position, job, social status/class, etc. Please derive and revise your conclusions with as much evidence as possible.

Roman Jewelry Books

Calinescu, A., & Indiana University, Bloomington. Art Museum. (1996). Ancient jewelry and archaeology. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. 

Coarelli, F., & Strong, D. (1970). Greek and Roman Jewellery (68 Plates in Full Colour) (1st ed.). Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited.

Elder, P. T. (2015). Delphi Complete Works of Pliny the Elder (Illustrated) (Delphi Ancient Classics Book 53) (1st ed.). Delphi Classics.

Higgins, R. (1961). Greek and Roman jewellery (Methuen’s handbooks of archaeology). London: Methuen. 

Higgins, R., & British Museum. Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities. (1965). Jewellery from classical lands. London: Trustees of the British Museum. 

Marshall, F. H. (1911). Catalogue of the jewellery, Greek, Etruscan, and Roman, in the departments of antiquities. British Museum. London: Printed by order of the Trustees. https://hdl.handle.net/2027/uc2.ark:/13960/t3hx1mb78 (Download Free)

Ogden, J. (1992). Ancient jewellery (Interpreting the past). Berkeley: University of California Press. 

Ogden, J. (1982). Jewellery of the ancient world. New York: Rizzoli. 

Oliver, Jr., A. (1966). Greek, Roman, and Etruscan Jewelry. In The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin (May ed., pp. 269-284). The Metropolitan Museum of Art in collaboration with JSTOR. (Download Free)

Schadt, H. (1996). Goldsmiths’ art : 5000 years of jewelry and hollowware. Stuttgart: Arnoldsche. 

Roman Amulets Books

Johns, C. (1995). Sex Or Symbol? Erotic Images of Greece and Rome (3rd ed.). British Museum Press.

Knight, R. P., & Wright, T. (2006). Sexual symbolism: A history of phallic worship. Dover Publications.

Articles Concerning Roman Jewelry

Bedini, A., Ehrman, S., Cesaro, S. N., Pasini, M., Rapinesi, I. A., & Sali, D. (2012). The Vallerano Diamond from Ancient Rome:L A Scientific Study. Gems & Gemology48(1), 39–41. https://doi.org/10.5741/gems.48.1.39

Dirlam, D., Misiorowski, E., & Thomas, S. (1985). Pearl Fashion Through the Ages. Gems & Gemology21(2), 63–78. https://doi.org/10.5741/gems.21.2.63

NYU Dept. of Media, Culture, and Communication. (2010). Signet Ring. NYU Dead Media Archive. http://cultureandcommunication.org/deadmedia/index.php/Signet_Ring

Paolilli, A. (2008). Development and Crisis in Ancient Rome: The Role of Mediterranean Trade. Historical Social Research / Historische Sozialforschung, 33(4 (126)), 274-288. Retrieved February 11, 2020, from www.jstor.org/stable/20762323 

Pease, A. S. (1904). Notes on Some Uses of Bells among the Greeks and Romans. Harvard Studies in Classical Philology15, 29–59. https://doi.org/10.2307/310495

Roman Clothing & Jewelry

Croom, A. (2002). Roman Clothing and Fashion (1st ed.). Amberley Publishing.

D’Ambrosio, A. (2001). Women and beauty in Pompeii. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum. 

Sebesta, J., & Bonfante, L. (2001). The world of Roman costume (Wisconsin studies in classics). Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin Press. 

Roman Clothing

Bair Brooks, E. (n.d.). Dulcia’s Roman Closet – Roman Clothing. DULCIA’S ROMAN CLOSET. Retrieved 2019, from https://sites.google.com/view/dulciasromancloset/roman-clothing?authuser=0

Cleland, L., Davies, G., & Llewellyn-Jones, L. (2012). Greek and Roman Dress from A to Z (The Ancient World from A to Z) (1st ed.). Routledge. (Download Free)


Dean, J. (2015, February 23). Colours of the Romans. Jenny Dean’s Wild Colour. http://www.jennydean.co.uk/colours-of-the-romans/



Lightfoot, C. (2000, October). The Roman Empire (27 B.C.–393 A.D.). The Metropolitan Museum of Art. https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/roem/hd_roem.htm

Lightfoot, C. (2009, February). Roman Inscriptions. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/insc/hd_insc.htm

Lightfoot, C. (2009a, February). Luxury Arts of Rome. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/luxu/hd_luxu.htm


Mattusch, C., National Gallery of Art (U.S.), & Los Angeles County Museum of Art. (2008). Pompeii and the Roman villa : Art and culture around the bay of Naples. Washington: National Gallery of Art. 


Ancient Jewelry – Amazing images of a collection of ancient jewelry from an auction house.


The British Museum (https://www.britishmuseum.org)

The Metropolitan Museum of Art (https://www.metmuseum.org)

Web Search Terms:

Fayum Mummy Portraits

Pompeii Frescos

These are some of the sources that I’ve referenced to or consulted. I don’t necessarily agree with everything, however, I have found them useful and/or insightful.